Acquisition options for Arla dairy in selected European geographies
- March 16, 2009
||announcement of agreement intention, March 2009
||Friesland Foods Fresh Nijkerk (Holland), domestic fresh dairy producer
||Arla Fooda amba (Denmark and Sweden), largest dairy producer in Nordic region
||Royal Friesland Campina (NV), largest dairy producer in Benelux region
||strategy to become preferred dairy producer for consumers in northern Europe
||European Commission competition authoritiesâ decision
||Holland becomes new core market for Arla as a result of this acquisition
In October 2008, Arla announced that Germany and Poland will join Sweden, Denmark, the UK and Finland as the groupâs core markets. Since that time, however, the group seems to have made a couple of opportunistic acquisitions instead, in Denmark and now Holland. This is understandable, considering how many significant cheese and butter producers are in sale condition now, throughout northern Europe. We look at some other candidates for Arla in selected geographies.
Formed by the merger of Swedenâs Arla and Denmarkâs MD Foods in 2000, Arla accounts for over two-thirds of milk production in Sweden and Denmark. Itâs also the biggest dairy processor in the UK, after having entered that market by acquiring Express Dairies in 2003. More recently, it also became the second âlargest dairy producer in Finland, after acquiring privately âowned Ingman Foods.
According to Arlaâs new five âyear strategy, Germany and Poland will be the next markets in which the group makes a major acquisition. However, given timing issues, plus the fact that the groupâs focus is on the branded size of commodity dairy (âCastelloâ cheese and âLurpakâ butter), Arla is faced with tempting acquisition opportunities in other European markets also.
Financially Arla is in a strong position to buy smaller dairies. Its 2008 the group missed its profit target, achieving 560 mln DKK instead of 900 mln DKK. However, and typically for a big co-operative, this is just a smoke-screen. With sales revenue up 4% to 49 bln DKK in 2008, those profit numbers are insignificant; the real measure of Arlaâs financial condition is that its milk price in 2008 increased by 14%, to reach a new record. This means it has strong underlying cashflow.
The most âlow-hangingâ option for the group is surely Synnove in Norway. Given Arlaâs strong presence in the other Nordic countries, this acquisition is highly adjacent; besides which Synnove is the only significant cheese producer in Norway, other than the giant Tine co-operative, so the only realistic option for Arla to enter that high-value market. In 2008 Synnove achieved its long âawaited financial recovery, thus putting itself squarely on the radar screen as an acquisition candidate.
Coming back to Germany, Arla has recently been rumoured to be in negotiations to buy Viol dairy. Another tip, in our view, is the Bayerische Milchindustrie co-operative. It has a strong position in the cheese market in Bavaria, and ambitions in specialty mould cheese across Europe (Paladin brand). As a mid-sized co-operative, it will find it ever harder to compete with Nordmilch and Humana.
As for Poland, a potential candidate is Bongrain Polska. That French group has been in decline both financially and in terms of acquisition momentum, recently. In Poland it has an attractive branded business, spread across three companies and spanning aged cheese, yellow cheese, fresh cheese and butter. Another option in that country is the Polmlek group. Itâs the only significant traditional dairy business thatâs privately owned, in Poland; its ambitious growth has included eight domestic acquisitions and a focus on building the âWarmiaâ brand in cheeses.
Finally we turn to Ukraine. The entry cost into that big market is low right now, given the weakness of the local hryvna. Ukrproduct is that countryâs market leader in both processed cheese and packaged butter. Having its own distribution subsidiary, itâs also well placed to benefit from the consumerâs migration towards premium products, as well as the evolution of food retailing, in that country.
Ukrproductâs branded product sales grew by 50% in H1 2008, to reach 70% of total sales of 25 mln GBP; however the EBTDA margin decreased to under 9%, and low global powdered milk prices are a drag on the company. With working capital expanding, and capital expenditure plans put on hold, the two individuals that own most of Ukrproductâs shares might be open to selling now.